The NAACP and the Struggle Against Racism in America, 1909-1969
by Gilbert Jonas

Routledge/November 2004

FREEDOM’S SWORD is the first history to detail the remarkable, lasting achievements of the NAACP's first sixty years. From its pivotal role in overturning the Jim Crow laws in the South to its twenty-year court campaign that culminated with Brown v. the Board of Education, the NAACP has been at the forefront of the struggle against American racism. Gilbert Jonas, a fifty-year veteran of the organization, tracks America's political and social landscape period by period, as the NAACP grows to 400,000 members and is recognized by both blacks and whites as the leading force for social justice.

Jonas recounts the historic combined efforts of ordinary citizens and black leaders such as W.E.B. Dubois, James Weldon Johnson, and Thurgood Marshall to root out white-only political primaries, separate schools, and segregated city buses. FREEDOM’S SWORD is a vivid and passionately written account of the single most influential secular organization in black America.

About the Author
Gilbert Jonas is a journalist and civil rights activist who has been a member of the NAACP for more than 50 years. In 1949, he formed the first NAACP chapter at Stanford University; from 1965 to 1995, he headed the NAACP’s National Development Program.